# DustDuino activity:dustduino

## What is it? DustDuino can help individuals with limited resources monitor PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations, indoors or outdoors. It uses [Shinyei PPD42NS](http://www.sca-shinyei.com/pdf/PPD42NS.pdf), a $15USD optical sensor that uses an LED and a lens to determine the concentration of dust in a partially closed chamber that draws in air from its surroundings. The sensor data is received by an [Arduino](http://www.arduino.cc/) development board and transmitted to Xively. Prototypes of DustDuino have been successfully built and used in various indoor and outdoor locations. Also see the [Data Logging page](/w/data-logging) for more on setting up and using different dataloggers, and for more tutorials. ### Questions [questions:dustduino] **** ## Why make one? The health eﬀects attributed to outdoor ﬁne particulate matter (PM2.5) rank it among the risk factors with the highest health impacts in the world, [accounting for over 3.2 million premature deaths annually](http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es2025752). In October 2013, the World Health Organization [announced](http://www.iarc.fr/en/media-centre/iarcnews/pdf/pr221_E.pdf) they consider particulate matter, a major component of indoor and outdoor air pollution, as a Group 1 carcinogen along with tobacco smoke and asbestos. ## What can the DustDuino Do? From the [Data Quality Research Note](http://publiclab.org/notes/Willie/03-06-2015/dustduino-data-quality) Test results indicate that DustDuino provides accurate and useful information, albeit of a somewhat limited scope and under certain conditions. An academic [study](http://www.atmos-meas-tech-discuss.net/7/605/2014/amtd-7-605-2014.pdf) which compared the Shenyei particulate matter sensor to costlier models used by governments, researchers, and companies found that this low-cost sensor produced results equivalent to much more expensive ones when analyzing data at hourly intervals. Testing with reference monitors conducted in [Berkeley, California in late 2013](http://www.atmos-meas-tech-discuss.net/7/605/2014/amtd-7-605-2014.pdf) concluded that the results of the low-cost sensor were about equivalent to much more expensive ones when analyzing data at hourly intervals. ”Performance at 1 [hour] integration times was comparable to commercially available optical instruments costing considerably more.” Testing in high PM2.5 environments such as the city of Xi'an, China also has shown [high correlations between the Shenyei and reference monitors](http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749115000160). By setting up a variety of monitors throughout the city, researchers were able to identify the High-technology Zone site as a potential PM2.5 hotspot with sustained high concentrations compared to the city average throughout the day. There are still some unknowns with regard to the sensor - for example, whether it needs to be co-located with higher-quality instruments for calibration, and whether it could be used in extreme environments. There are also some limitations - the sensor may not produce high-quality information at time intervals shorter than an hour, ## Activities [activities:dustduino] **** ## Photos [![DustDuino.jpg](https://i.publiclab.org/system/images/photos/000/003/998/medium/DustDuino.jpg)](https://i.publiclab.org/system/images/photos/000/003/998/original/DustDuino.jpg) ## Research Notes [notes:dustduino] ## DustDuino Sketches The DustDuino board enables a variety of power, connectivity, and sensor configurations each of which require custom programming to process and send data. As the name would suggest, the DustDuino can be programmed with Arduino libraries and contributors to the project have made a number of Arduino sketches already. A full list of them is available on [DustDuino.org](http://dustduino.org/) ## Scientific Journal Articles | Title | Author(s) | |-------------------------|---------------------| | A [distributed network of low-cost continuous reading sensors](http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749115000160) to measure spatiotemporal variations of PM2.5 in Xi'an, China; January 13, 2015 [PDF LINK](http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0269749115000160/1-s2.0-S0269749115000160-main.pdf?_tid=9ca954e2-ae5c-11e4-9076-00000aacb35f&amp;acdnat=1423267531_78064379fb071e29e3cf180d34d15365) | Meiling Gao, Junji Cao, Edmund Seto | [Field calibrations of a low-cost aerosol sensor at a regulatory monitoring site in California](http://atmos-meas-tech-discuss.net/7/605/2014/amtd-7-605-2014.pdf); January 27, 2014. | DM Holstius et al ## External Tutorials | Website | Overview | |-------------------------|---------------------| | [Mental Munitions](http://www.mentalmunition.com/2013/10/measure-air-pollution-in-your-home-or.html) | The original documentation blog post | | [Earth Journalism Network- Civic Science &amp; Sensors Program](earthjournalism.net/projects/citizen-science-sensors)| A project page reviewing EJN's sensor journalism pilot project | ## News Articles | Publication | Title | |-------------------------|---------------------| | Nature | [Environmental science: Pollution patrol](http://www.nature.com/news/environmental-science-pollution-patrol-1.16654) | | Scientific American | [Dust in the Wind: How Data Visualization can Help the Environment](http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/dust-in-the-wind-how-data-visualization-can-help-the-environment/) | | Newsweek | [How Civic Science Is Changing Environmentalism](http://www.newsweek.com/2014/11/07/how-civic-science-changing-environmentalism-279777.html) |... Author Comment Last activity Moderation warren "TRRS plugs (4-pin plugs) are not super consistent, but this worked for me. I'll try to upload another pic with the exact pins of the jack also shown! " | Read more » over 3 years ago warren "Here's a pic of a WebJack plug (using a 4-pin jack) attached to pins 3 and 6 of the #Simple-Air-Sensor, which has WebJack installed by default: ..." | Read more » over 3 years ago warren "Just compiling some quick links to where these parts can be found cheaply and easily: Sensor:$16.50 on amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Air-Qualit..." | Read more » over 4 years ago
GreenFrogg "My PPD42NS was lost with an attempt to update the sofware. I use now the SDS011 from hackair. " | Read more » over 4 years ago
GreenFrogg "https://www.samenmetenaanluchtkwaliteit.nl/international and https://platform.hackair.eu/ and http://smartemission.ruhosting.nl/visitors/ " | Read more » over 4 years ago
stevie "Hey @GreenFrogg what's the project you're working on now? I haven't heard of it. Where are you testing it out? " | Read more » over 4 years ago
GreenFrogg "If its still a point. From my archive. The project I am involved in has changed to the SDS011. " | Read more » over 4 years ago
jiteovien " " | Read more » over 4 years ago
warren "Maybe @GreenFrogg might also have an idea? @jitovien could you post a pic of the case open as you received it in the mail? " | Read more » over 4 years ago
xose "Hi! As I understand the sensor needs to be vertical and inside a ventilated dark case but I'm not sooooo sure. " | Read more » over 4 years ago
jiteovien "Question for @Schroyer , @Willie , @imvec , @nanocastro , @jefffalk or anyone else who is able to answer this question - I understand that the Shin..." | Read more » over 4 years ago
the_butler "Thank you very much @nanocastro, I'll let you know how I get on. By any chance, have you done any air quality monitoring work with Raspberry Pis, o..." | Read more » over 4 years ago
nanocastro "Hi @the_butler I've used Fusion360 for the design. Here you can find the .stl files and also the fusion source file. https://drive.google.com/open?..." | Read more » over 4 years ago
the_butler "Hi @nanocastro. I am working on a similar air quality monitoring project at the University of Bath in the UK. If allowed, please can you send me a ..." | Read more » over 4 years ago
cfastie "These might do the same thing for 10¢ apiece: https://www.ebay.com/itm/10Pcs-3-5mm-Female-Stereo-Audio-Socket-Headphone-Jack-Connector-5-Pin-PCB-Mo..." | Read more » over 4 years ago